Russian Grammar – The Plural of Possessive Pronouns, Demonstrative Pronouns

Russian Grammar – The Plural of Possessive Pronouns, Demonstrative Pronouns

How To Say in Russian “My”, “Your”, “Our”, “This”, ‘Those”

At the category “Russian Grammar” we show the basics of Russian Language grammar, describing most useful grammar rules, cases to let you learn Russian grammar more easily and effortlessly.

This lesson is about the plural of possessive pronouns, demonstrative pronouns.

The possessive pronouns reply on the question чей(masculine)/чья(feminine) – whose?

Мой/моя (my) – мой кот (my cat), моя мама (my mom), мой стол (my table)

Твой/твоя (your) – твой глаз (your eye), твоя девушка (your girl), твой слон (your elephant)

Ваш/Ваша – the same as твой/твоя, but you say it to people who is older than you or have a high status

The plural possessive pronouns reply on the question чьи? (whose)


Чьи эти носки? – Мои носки. (Whose socks are these? – My socks.)

Чьи эти книги? – Твои книги. (Whose books are these? – Your books.)

Чьи эти письма? – Ваши письма. (Whose letters are these? – Your letters.)

Чьи эти дома? – Наши дома. (Whose houses are these? – Our houses.)

Demonstrative Pronouns этот, тот

The Russian word это does not change for gender and number. Its English counterpart is the construction “this is”, “it is”, “that is” or “these (those) are”.


Это – студент. This is a student.

Это – студентка. This is a student.

Это письмо. This is a letter.

Это журналы. These are journals.

The demonstrative pronoun этот (эта, это, эти) changes for gender and number and its English counterpart is the pronoun “this” or “these”.


Этот студент читает, а тот студент слушает песню.

This student is reading and that student is listening to a song.

The pronouns этот and тот take the same gender and noun they qualify. Like the pronoun этот, the pronoun тот changes gender and number: тот (masculine), та (feminine), то (neutral), те (plural).


Те люди смеются. Those people are laughing.

Тот человек разговаривает. That person is talking.

Та девушка красивая. That girl is beautiful.

I believe this lesson was helpful. If you have a questions you can ask at comments section below and I will check it! Remember: you should learn just basics of Russian grammar, don’t concentrate on it too much! The best method of learning is massive input of easy reading and listening in Russianmore about this method.

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Oleg Vinzhegin,

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