There are different views about who is Michael Gorbachev and what is his role in the formation of the modern Russia. However there is one statement with which it is difficult to argue: Michael Gorbachev is a Great Russian.
So, who is Mikhail Gorbachev? He is the first and the last President of the Union of the Soviet Socialist Republics. He is the first politician for all period of existence of the USSR (1922-1991) which was loved by foreigners. He is the person who has united 2 separated parts of Germany. He is the person who has started talking about nuclear disarmament for the first time after Cold War. He is the person at whom this huge empire USSR has collapsed on some isolated parts and has ceased to exist.
Michael Gorbachev was to the Supreme Chairmen of Communist party of the USSR (actually, the leader of the USSR) up to disintegration of the USSR in 1991. He was the leader of the country, making the numerous economic reforms with basic course of liberalization.
Gorbachev’s most important and interesting reforms are:
1985 – antialcoholic company. Gorbachev has forbidden Russians to drink alcohol. Frankly speaking, Russian without alcohol – not Russian. Alcohol prohibition in the country caused moonshining, however has given a positive effect in increase of longevity and reduction of crimes.
1987-1991 – reorganization (перестройка). The complex of reforms directed on implementation of market economy and democracy.
1986-1991 – publicity. Gorbachev has removed censorship from mass media, printing editions and books.
It is necessary to notice, that Gorbachev’s reforms have led to destruction of all existing in the USSR economic system. There was a chaos, absence of a foodstuff and clothes and other negative consequences that has resulted in social crisis and has led to disintegration of the USSR. From world’s hugest empire, 1/3 of Earth, USSR became 15 independent states, economically weak and misbalanced, including Russia.
Michael Gorbachev conducted an active foreign policy. He actively promoted association of Germany (after World War II there were 2 independent states – socialist Eastern Germany and capitalist Western Germany). Gorbachev has destroyed the Berlin wall (separated this two states more than 45 years) and has reunited Germany in 1990. He received the Nobel Prize of the World at the same year.
The interesting fact is that Gorbachev does not require the passport. On any border he can tell: I am Gorbachev and it will let him in any country in the World.
The XXI century will be a сentury either of total all-embracing crisis or of moral and spiritual healing that will reinvigorate humankind. It is my conviction that all of us – all reasonable political leaders, all spiritual and ideological movements, all faiths – must help in this transition to a triumph of humanism and justice, in making the XXI century a century of a new human renaissance.
It is interesting, that there are diametrically different attitude to Michail Gorbachev in Russia and in all other World.
How Gorbachev is considered in Russia: the destroyer of the USSR who have brought in the country chaos, poverty and uncertainty of the future.
How Gorbachev is considered in the World: the liberator who finally let free the whole World from the nuclear threat of communistic empire; a conductor of freedom, publicity and the democracy; the open liberal politician with a smile on his face.
Undoubtedly, Michael Gorbachev has played a considerable role in the building of a model of the modern world.
Now, he leads The International Foundation for Socio-Economic and Political Studies which researches has focused on several areas, including global problems, economic, political and social problems and processes in Russia and in the world, the history of Perestroika in the USSR, and Russia’s recent history.
Michael Gorbachev’s current activity, his thoughts and aspiration let me feel only positive feelings and respect. Undoubtedly Gorbachev is a the great person and the big Russian. Let him be healthy and joyful!
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