The Golden Ring of Russia is one of the most famous tourist destinations. Golden Ring includes several very ancient cities in the European part of Russia. These cities have played a huge role in the history of Russia. There are a lot of ancient monuments that can tell tourists about the culture, history, architecture and traditions of Russia. Cities are not far from each other, so it is convenient to move from one city of the Golden Ring to another on the tourist bus or car. Every city of the Golden Ring offers comfortable hotels, a lot of museums and attractions that will be interesting to any tourist who is fond of Russia.
In this article, we will tell about first four cities of The Golden Ring of Russia:
Yaroslavl – is the oldest city on the Volga River, was founded in 1010. In the center of the city is located 140 monuments protected by UNESCO. Here you can see the buildings of 16-17 centuries and the remains of ancient buildings of the 13th century.
The oldest building in the city is the Spaso-Preobrazhensky Cathedral of the Spassky Monastery, built in 1506-1516 on the foundations of the original buildings of 1216-1224 period.
Very beautiful building – Yaroslavl Church of Elijah the Prophet (Ilya Prorok). Construction of this Church began in 1647 by famous Skripin merchants.
Church of Ioann Krestitel – represents the global historical heritage, recommended by UNESCO to show tourists. Massive in size, fantastic in silhouette – the church dazzles the luxury and abundance of tiles, brick patterns and murals.
The general plan of the city of Kostroma was approved by Empress Catherine II The Great in 1781. The basis of the plan is radial grid of streets and the city center is disclosed in relation to the Volga River.
Most important historical monument in Kostroma is Ipatiev Monastery. For the first time it was mentioned in chronicles in 1432, but was founded much earlier – in the 1330s. The territory of the monastery consists of two parts: the Old and New Town. High stone buildings surround both sites of the Monastery. The old town has the shape of an irregular pentagon. The compositional center of the monastery – a monumental five-domed Holy Trinity (Svyataya Troitsa) Cathedral.
Ivanovo is primarily known for its revolutionary history and textile industry. During the Revolution of 1905 in Ivanovo-Voznesensk (it has been the name of the city) was the first in Russia “Soviet”, many prominent Soviet leaders started their careers.
In the city there are many historical and revolutionary monuments, giving it a unique flavor, a lot of monuments of constructivism, for example, house-boat, house-shoe and more than 40 other interesting buildings.
The historic city center is full of former merchant houses and mansions of XIX – early XX centuries.
There is a famous Museum of Ivanovo Chintz in the city also.
Suzdal Kremlin – is the oldest part of the city, the core of Suzdal, was founded in X century (1024). The Kremlin is situated in a bend of the Kamenka River in the southern part of the city. Kremlin preserved ramparts and moats of the ancient fortress, several churches and the archbishop’s court ensemble of the ancient Cathedral of the Nativity (Rozhdenstvensky Sobor).
Cathedral of the Nativity of the Virgin was built in 1222-1225 from a white stone. It is the bright representative of the architecture of the era of Vladimir Monomakh (one of the most famous ancient Russian Tzar).
At the next article we will tell you about the other four cities of the Golden Ring of Russia: Vladimir, Rostov, Pereslavl-Zalessky, Sergiev Posad.
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