Russian Grammar – The Plural of Nouns

How To Say in Russian When There Are a Lot of Something

At the category “Russian Grammar” we show the basics of Russian Language grammar, describing most useful grammar rules, cases to let you learn Russian grammar more easily and effortlessly.

This lesson is about the plural form of Russian nouns.

In the plural masculine and feminine nouns take the ending –ы or –и, and neuter nouns the ending –а or –я. See the chart below:

Russian Grammar Chart 1. The Plural of Russian Nouns

Gender

Singular

Plural

Ending

Masculine студент студенты –ы
Feminine сестра сестры –ы
Masculine музей – словарь – нож музеи – словари – ножи –и
Feminine студентка – аудитория – песня – тетрадь студентки – аудитории – песни – тетради –и
Neuter окно – поле –здание окна – поля – здания –а or –я

Note:

1)      Some nouns are invariably used in singular: вода, молоко, масло, дружба, etc.

2)      Some nouns are invariably used in plural: часы, деньги, etc.

3)      The singular and the plural of some nouns are conveyed by different words: ребенок – дети, человек – люди.

4)      Masculine nouns in –ец nad –ок drop the vowel –e- or –о- in the plural: отец – отцы, потолок – потолки.

Special Cases of the Formation of the Plural Nouns

  1. Masculine nouns taking the ending –а –я in the plural (note – this endings are always stressed):

Город – города

Дом – дома

Номер – номера

Глаз – глаза

Учитель – учителя

  1. Masculine and neuter nouns taking the ending –ья in the plural:

Сын – сыновья

Брат – братья

Друг – друзья

Стул – стулья

Дерево – деревья

I believe this lesson was helpful. If you have a questions you can ask at comments section below and I will check it! Remember: you should learn just basics of Russian grammar, don’t concentrate on it too much! The best method of learning is massive input of easy reading and listening in Russianmore about this method.

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Oleg Vinzhegin,

Your personal guide into the world of excellent Russian speaking

http://www.learnrussianlanguage.ru/

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Your personal guide into the world of excellent Russian speaking

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