Russian Grammar – The Conjunctions и, а, но, если

How Can You Say in Russian: and, or and if?


At the category “Russian Grammar” we show the basics of Russian Language grammar, describing most useful grammar rules, cases to let you learn Russian grammar more easily and effortlessly.

This lesson is about The Conjunctions – и, а, но, если.


1. The English counterpart of the Russian conjunction И is “and”.

Example: Олег и Хиллари – друзья. (Oleg and Hillary are friends). Мы читаем и говорим по-русски. (We read and speak Russian).

2. The English counterpart of the Russian conjunction НО is “but”.

Example: Я слушаю, но не понимаю. (I’m listening, but I don’t understand).

3. The English counterpart of the Russian conjunction А is either “and” or “but”.

Example: Я говорю по-русски, а ты? (I can speak Russian, and you?). Нина читает, а я слушаю. (Nina is reading, and I’m listening). Это книга, а это журнал. (This is a book and that is a journal.) Он не студент, а инженер. (He is not a student, but an engineer).

4. The English counterpart of the Russian conjunction ЕСЛИ is “if”. It is used when there is some condition with what things will happen. Most of the time we use it with “ТО” = so.

Example: Если будет дождь, то я буду дома. (If there will be a rain, so I’ll be at home.)

I believe this lesson was helpful. If you have a questions you can ask at comments section below and I will check it! Remember: you should learn just basics of Russian grammar, don’t concentrate on it too much! The best method of learning is massive input of easy reading and listening in Russianmore about this method.

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Oleg Vinzhegin,

Your personal guide into the world of excellent Russian speaking

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Your personal guide into the world of excellent Russian speaking

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